automation selenium   0   1333
Automating WhatsApp web using selenium to send messages


This is the next post in automation category. We will see how to automate the sending of WhatsApp messages without using official WhatsApp business APIs. Using WhatsApp business APIs is not easy as you need to get the template whitelisted and also usage is not free.


To automate the whatsapp messaging, we will create a virtual environment, install few dependencies in it and activate the virtual environment. 


Dependencies:

selenium==4.7.2
webdriver-manager==3.8.5


Now the code part. 

Here is the minimal code required to understand the concept and to send the message. We can always enhance this code to add more features and streamline the process.


(1) Import the dependencies. 

import random
import string
import time
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from webdriver_manager.chrome import ChromeDriverManager


(2) Define Urls

BASE_URL = "https://web.whatsapp.com/"
CHAT_URL = "https://web.whatsapp.com/send?phone={phone}&text&type=phone_number&app_absent=1"


(3) Create the chrome browser instance.

chrome_options = Options()
chrome_options.add_argument("start-maximized")
user_data_dir = ''.join(random.choices(string.ascii_letters, k=8))
chrome_options.add_argument("--user-data-dir=/tmp/chrome-data/" + user_data_dir)
chrome_options.add_argument("--incognito")

browser = webdriver.Chrome(
    ChromeDriverManager().install(),
    options=chrome_options,
)

browser.get(BASE_URL)
browser.maximize_window()

This will open an incognito window with Whatsapp URL. A QR code will be displayed which you need to scan.

Open you WhatsApp mobile application and scan the QR code to link the account. Once scan is completed and chats are loaded, script will execute the next part of code.


(4) Send message using the browser instance created above.

Phone number must be appended with international code without plus sign. 

phone = 919999999999 
message = 'Hi There. This is test message from PythonCircle.com'


Open the chat URL for this phone number and wait for few seconds to load the chats.

browser.get(CHAT_URL.format(phone=phone))
time.sleep(3)


Now search the chat input box using XPath and enter the message. Send the ENTER key after it.

inp_xpath = (
    '//*[@id="main"]/footer/div[1]/div/span[2]/div/div[2]/div[1]/div/div[1]'
)
input_box = WebDriverWait(browser, 60).until(
    expected_conditions.presence_of_element_located((By.XPATH, inp_xpath))
)
input_box.send_keys(message)
input_box.send_keys(Keys.ENTER)


(5) Wait for the message to be sent.

time.sleep(5)


whatsapp image automation message

(6) Everything together

import random
import string
import time
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.chrome.options import Options
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
from webdriver_manager.chrome import ChromeDriverManager

BASE_URL = "https://web.whatsapp.com/"
CHAT_URL = "https://web.whatsapp.com/send?phone={phone}&text&type=phone_number&app_absent=1"

chrome_options = Options()
chrome_options.add_argument("start-maximized")
user_data_dir = ''.join(random.choices(string.ascii_letters, k=8))
chrome_options.add_argument("--user-data-dir=/tmp/chrome-data/" + user_data_dir)
chrome_options.add_argument("--incognito")

browser = webdriver.Chrome(ChromeDriverManager().install(),  options=chrome_options,)

browser.get(BASE_URL)
browser.maximize_window()


phone = "919999999"
message = 'Hi There. This is test message from PythonCircle.com'


browser.get(CHAT_URL.format(phone=phone))
time.sleep(3)


inp_xpath = (
    '//*[@id="main"]/footer/div[1]/div/span[2]/div/div[2]/div[1]/div/div[1]'
)
input_box = WebDriverWait(browser, 60).until(
    expected_conditions.presence_of_element_located((By.XPATH, inp_xpath))
)
input_box.send_keys(message)
input_box.send_keys(Keys.ENTER)

time.sleep(10)




Once the script is executed and message is sent, the window will be closed automatically. Session will end. If you need to send another message, you need to re-run the script.

Now running the script everytime to send a message and then scanning the QR code is not feasible. Manual intervention is required to send message. Hence we can not say that this is fully automated. 

This was the first step to get you started. In the next article, we will develop a Django application with API endpoints to fully automate this process



Host your Django Application for free on PythonAnyWhere.
If you want complete control of your application and server, you should consider 
DigitalOcean. Create an account with this link and get $200 credits.



feature image - Photo by Dimitri Karastelev on Unsplash



automation selenium   0   1333
0 comments on 'Automating Whatsapp Web Using Selenium To Send Messages'
Login to comment


Related Articles:
Automating PDF generation using Python reportlab module
Generating PDF using python reportlab module, Adding table to PDF using Python, Adding Pie Chart to PDF using Python, Generating PDF invoice using Python code, Automating PDF generation using Python reportlab module...
Accessing Gmail Inbox using Python imaplib module
In this article, we are accessing Gmail inbox using IMAP library of python, We covered how to generate the password of an App to access the gmail inbox, how to read inbox and different category emails, how to read promotional email, forum email and updates, How to search in email in Spam folder, how to search an email by subject line, how to get header values of an email, how to check DKIM, SPF, and DMARC headers of an email...
Sending email with attachments using Python built-in email module
Sending email with attachments using Python built-in email module, adding image as attachment in email while sending using Python, Automating email sending process using Python, Automating email attachment using python...
Automating Facebook page posts using python script
posting on facebook page using python script, automating the facebook page posts, python code to post on facebook page, create facebook page post using python script...
DigitalOcean Referral Badge

© 2022-2023 Python Circle   Contact   Sponsor   Archive   Sitemap